Julie K. Olson
Remi N Charrel, MD, PhD
Professor of Emergence of Viral Pathologies




Field of Study

Institution and Location



Life Sciences

University of Aix-Marseille II, Marseille, France



Medical Biology

University of Aix-Marseille II, Marseille, France




University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX




Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France


Associate Professor


Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France




Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France




Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France



Remi Charrel is MD and PhD. He is a specialist in vector-borne and zoonotic viral diseases, as well as respiratory viral infections. He was trained in Aix Marseille Medical School and went for 2 years for post-doctoral fellowship in the WHO Reference Centre for Tropical Diseases at University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Texas. He is the author of >200 peer-reviewed articles, 21 book chapters, and was coordinator or PI for 16 projects funded by NIH, European Commission and the French Research Agency. He is deputy director of the Virology Research Unit at Aix Marseille University. He is currently working in clinical microbiology hospital laboratory and is also the deputy-director of the "Unite des Virus Emergents" at Aix Marseille University, a founding research laboratory of the University Hospital Institute Mediterranée Infection.

Research Interest

  • Arboviruses
  • RNA Viruses
  • Mostly Flaviviruses and Phleboviruses
  • Diagnostic Aspects
  • Epidemiology


Professional Activities:

  • Full Professor since 2012
  • Associate Professor 1999-2011
  • Hospital duties in the Microbiology Department of the Public Hospital system of Marseille
    • Head of the diagnostic platform of molecular diagnostics (other than HIV, HCV, and HBV)
    • A total of 74 viruses detectable through Real-time PCR or RT-PCR assays in a standardized format
  • University duties
    • Teaching: >100 hours annually in Virology
    • Research:
      • Deputy director of the Research unit UMR_D 190 "Emergence des Pathologies Virales", affiliated with 4 institutions (Aix Marseille Univ, IRD French Institute of Research for Development, INSERM U1207, EHESP French School of Public Health) and a health institution (IHU Mediterranee Infection, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille)
      • Head of the research group entitled "Emergence and genomics of RNA viruses" within UMR_D 190
    • Research support
      • As coordinator or principal investigator: 14 research project funded by French Research Agency, European FP6 and FP7, NIH, and private companies
      • As associate investigator: 5 research projects
Awards and other Professional Activities

1997 to 1998

Servier Pharmaceutical Laboratories
Philippe Foundation

1998 to 1999

Servier Pharmaceutical Laboratories
Agence for Development of Medical Research (A. DE. REM.)
Lavoisier Grant (French Foreign Affairs Ministry)


American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Travel Award for the 48th ASTMH Meeting in Washington DC


Member of the Peer Review Board of COLCIENCIAS Programa Nacional de Ciencia y Technologia de la Salud, Santafe de Bogota, Colombia.


American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene: 50th Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA: Chairman of the symposium entitled "Recombination in RNA viruses: role in emerging diseases".



  1. Bichaud L, Dachraoui K, Alwassouf S, Alkan C, Mensi M, Piorkowski G, Sakhria S, Seston M, Fares W, de Lamballerie X, Zhioua E, Charrel RN. Isolation, full genomic characterisation and neutralisation-based human seroprevalence of Medjerda Valley virus, a novel sandfly-borne phlebovirus belonging to the Salehabad virus complex in northern Tunisia. J Gen Virol. 2015 Dec 24. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.000389. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26704069.
  2. Tahir D, Alwassouf S, Loudahi A, Davoust B, Charrel RN. Seroprevalence of Toscana virus in dogs from Kabylia (Algeria). Clin Microbiol Infect. 2015 Nov 10. pii: S1198-743X(15)00954-4. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2015.10.029. [Epub ahead of print]PubMed PMID: 26551844.
  3. Alkan C, Zapata S, Bichaud L, Moureau G, Lemey P, Firth AE, Gritsun TS, Gould EA, de Lamballerie X, Depaquit J, Charrel RN. Ecuador Paraiso Escondido Virus, a New Flavivirus Isolated from New World Sand Flies in Ecuador, Is the First Representative of a Novel Clade in the Genus Flavivirus. J Virol. 2015 Dec 1;89(23):11773-85. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01543-15. Epub 2015 Sep 9. PubMed PMID:26355096; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4645344.
  4. Alkan C, Allal-Ikhlef AB, Alwassouf S, Baklouti A, Piorkowski G, de Lamballerie X, Izri A, Charrel RN. Virus isolation, genetic characterization and seroprevalence of Toscana virus in Algeria. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2015 Nov;21(11):1040.e1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2015.07.012. Epub 2015 Jul 30. PubMed PMID: 26235198.
  5. Thiberville SD, Gaudart J, Raoult D, Charrel RN. Influenza-attributable deaths in south-eastern France (1999 to 2010): mortality predictions were undependable. BMC Public Health. 2015 Jun 7;15:539. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1887-y. PubMed PMID: 26049715; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4458058.
  6. Charrel RN, Nougairede A, Brouqui P, Raoult D, Gautret P. Influenza vaccine for Hajj and Umrah pilgrims. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Mar;15(3):267. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(15)70035-6. PubMed PMID: 25749228.
  7. Salez N, Nougairede A, Ninove L, Zandotti C, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Prospective and retrospective evaluation of the Cepheid Xpert® Flu/RSV XC assay for rapid detection of influenza A, influenza B, and respiratory syncytial virus. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2015 Jan 24. pii: S0732-8893(15)00024-3. doi:10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2015.01.008. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25662018.
  8. Alkan C, Alwassouf S, Piorkowski G, Bichaud L, Tezcan S, Dincer E, Ergunay K, Ozbel Y, Alten B, Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Isolation, genetic characterization and seroprevalence of Adana virus a novel phlebovirus belonging to the Salehabad virus complex in Turkey. J Virol. 2015 Feb 4. pii: JVI.03027-14. [Epub ahead ofprint] PubMed PMID: 25653443. EDENext316. COST TD1303
  9. Menard A, Ninove L, Zandotti C, Leparc-Goffart I, Klitting R, Baronti C, Stein A, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. A secondary dengue 4 infection in patient returning from Haiti confirmed by virus isolation, complete genome sequencing and neutralisation assay. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2015 Jan 3. pii:S1477-8939(14)00264-6. doi: 10.1016/j.tmaid.2014.12.009. [Epub ahead of print]. EDENext#292. COST TD1303.
  10. Marlinge M, Crespy L, Zandotti C, Piorkowski G, Kaphan E, Charrel R, Ninove L. Afebrile meningoencephalitis with transient central facial paralysis due to Toscana virus infection, south-eastern France, 2014. Euro Surveill. 2014 Dec 4;19(48). pii: 20974. EDENext#270. COST TD1303
  11. Sakhria S, Alwassouf S, Fares W, Bichaud L, Dachraoui K, Alkan C, Zoghlami Z, de Lamballerie X, Zhioua E, Charrel RN. Presence of sandfly-borne phleboviruses of two antigenic complexes (Sandfly fever Naples virus and Sandfly fever Sicilian virus) in two different bio-geographical regions of Tunisia demonstrated by microneutralisation-based seroprevalence study in dogs. Parasit Vectors. 2014 Oct 12;7(1):476. EDENext#266. COST TD1303
  12. Bichaud L, de Lamballerie X, Alkan C, Izri A, Gould EA, Charrel RN. Arthropods as a source of new RNA viruses. Microb Pathog. 2014 Sep 17. pii: S0882-4010(14)00126-0. doi: 10.1016/j.micpath.2014.09.002. [Epub ahead of print]. EDENext#262. COST TD1303
  13. Charrel RN. Hajj, Umrah, and other mass gatherings: Which pathogens do you expect? Beware of the tree that hides the forest! Travel Med Infect Dis. 2014 Sep 10. pii: S1477-8939(14)00162-8. doi: 10.1016/j.tmaid.2014.09.002. [Epub ahead of print]
  14. Benkouiten S, Gautret P, Belhouchat K, Drali T, Nougairede A, Salez N, Memish ZA, Masri Ma, Raoult D, Brouqui P, Parola P, Charrel RN. Comparison of nasal swabs with throat swabs for the detection of respiratory viruses by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR in adult Hajj pilgrims, Journal of Infection (2014), doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2014.08.011.
  15. Gallian P, de Lamballerie X, Salez N, Piorkowski G, Richard P, Paturel L, Djoudi R, Leparc-Goffart I, Tiberghien P, Chiaroni J, Charrel RN. Prospective detection of chikungunya virus in blood donors, Caribbean 2014. Blood. 2014 Jun 5;123(23):3679-81.
  16. Charrel R, Leparc-Goffart I, Gallian P, de Lamballerie X. Globalization of Chikungunya: 10 years to invade the world. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2014 May 28.doi: 10.1111/1469-0691.12694. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24889861.
  17. Charrel RN. Emerging infections and sensationnalism: in Aesop´s fable, the boy who cried wolf had a dreadful fate. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2014 May;20(5):467-8.
  18. Salez N, Nougairede A, Ninove L, Zandotti C, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Xpert Flu for point-of-care diagnosis of human influenza in industrialized countries. Expert Rev Mol Diagn. 2014 May;14(4):411-8.
  19. Salez N, Mélade J, Pascalis H, Aherfi S, Dellagi K, Charrel RN, Carrat F, de Lamballerie X. Influenza C virus high seroprevalence rates observed in 3 different population groups. J Infect. 2014 Apr 3. pii: S0163-4453(14)00086-3.
  20. Charrel RN, Bichaud L, de Lamballerie X. Emergence of Toscana virus in the mediterranean area. World J Virol. 2012 Oct 12;1(5):135-141.
  21. Dupouey J, Bichaud L, Ninove L, Zandotti C, Thirion-Perrier L, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Toscana virus infections: A case series from France. J Infect. 2014 Mar;68(3):290-5
  22. Bal A, Zandotti C, Nougairede A, Ninove L, Roquelaure B, Charrel RN. Fulminant Hepatitis Due to Father-to-Newborn Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus type 1. Open Virol J. 2013 Oct 31;7:96-7.
  23. Aherfi S, Ninove L, Zandotti C, Crepey P, Richet H, Nougairede A, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Increased incidence of acute parvovirus B19 infections in Marseille, France, in 2012 compared with the 2002-2011 period. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2014 Mar;20(3):O176-81.
  24. Salez N, de Lamballerie X, Zandotti C, Gazin C, Charrel RN. Improved sensitivity of the novel xpert flu test for detection of influenza B virus. J Clin Microbiol. 2013 Dec;51(12):4277-8.
  25. Sakhria S, Bichaud L, Mensi M, Salez N, Dachraoui K, Thirion L, Cherni S, Chelbi I, De Lamballerie X, Zhioua E, Charrel RN. Co-circulation of toscana virus and punique virus in northern Tunisia: a microneutralisation-based seroprevalence study. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013 Sep 12;7(9):e2429.
  26. Bichaud L, Izri A, de Lamballerie X, Moureau G, Charrel RN. First detection of Toscana virus in Corsica, France. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2014 Feb;20(2):O101-4.
  27. Alkan C, Bichaud L, de Lamballerie X, Alten B, Gould E, Charrel RN. Sandfly-borne phleboviruses of Eurasia and Africa: Epidemiology, genetic diversity, geographic range, control measures. Antiviral Res. 2013 Jul 19;100(1):54-74.
  28. Charrel RN, Bichaud L, de Lamballerie X. Emergence of Toscana virus in the mediterranean area. World J Virol. 2012 Oct 12;1(5):135-141.
  29. Nougairede A, Bichaud L, Thiberville SD, Ninove L, Zandotti C, de Lamballerie X, Brouqui P, Charrel RN. Isolation of Toscana Virus from the Cerebrospinal Fluid of a Man with Meningitis in Marseille, France, 2010. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2013 Sep;13(9):685-8
  30. Charrel RN, Bichaud L, de Lamballerie X. Emergence of Toscana virus in the mediterranean area. World J Virol. 2012 Oct 12;1(5):135-141.
  31. Yama IN, Garba M, Britton-Davidian J, Thiberville SD, Dobigny G, Gould EA, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Comparative analysis of rodent tissue preservation methods and nucleic acid extraction techniques for virus screening purposes. J Virol Methods. 2013 May;189(2):311-6.
  32. Nougairede A, Fossati C, Salez N, Cohen-Bacrie S, Ninove L, Michel F, Aboukais S, Buttner M, Zandotti C, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Sheep-to-Human Transmission of Orf Virus during Eid al-Adha Religious Practices, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Jan;19(1):102-5.
  33. Charrel RN, Salez N. Response letter to rapid diagnosis of influenza: an evaluation of two commercially available RT-PCR assays. J Infect. 2013 Mar;66(3):290-1.
  34. Charrel RN, Petzold GC, Oechtering J. Acute hydrocephalus due to impaired CSF resorption in Toscana virus meningoencephalitis. Neurology. 2013 Apr 9;80(15):1444.
  35. Memish ZA, Fagbo SF, Assiri AM, Rollin P, Zaki AM, Charrel R, Mores C, Macneil A. Alkhurma viral hemorrhagic Fever virus: proposed guidelines for detection, prevention, and control in Saudi Arabia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012 Jul;6(7):e1604.
  36. Yama IN, Cazaux B, Britton-Davidian J, Moureau G, Thirion L, de Lamballerie X, Dobigny G, Charrel RN. Isolation and Characterization of a New Strain of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus from Rodents in Southwestern France. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012 Oct;12(10):893-903.
  37. Salez N, Ninove L, Thirion L, Gazin C, Zandotti C, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Evaluation of the Xpert Flu test and comparison with in-house real-time RT-PCR assays for detection of influenza virus from 2008 to 2011 in Marseille, France. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012 Apr;18(4):E81-3.
  38. Tan C, Gonfrier G, Ninove L, Zandotti C, Dubot-Peres A, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Screening and detection of Human Enterovirus 71 infection by a real-time RT-PCR assay in Marseille, France, 2009-2011. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012 Apr;18(4):E77-80
  39. Ninove L, Nougairede A, Gazin C, Zandotti C, Drancourt M, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Comparative detection of enterovirus RNA in cerebrospinal fluid: GeneXpert system vs. real-time RT-PCR assay. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Dec;17(12):1890-4.
  40. Bichaud L, Souris M, Mary C, Ninove L, Thirion L, Piarroux RP, Piarroux R, De Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Epidemiologic relationship between Toscana virus infection and Leishmania infantum due to common exposure to Phlebotomus perniciosus sandfly vector. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011 Sep;5(9):e1328.
  41. Bichaud L, Piarroux RP, Izri A, Ninove L, Mary C, De Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Low seroprevalence of sandfly fever Sicilian virus antibodies in humans, Marseille, France. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Aug;17(8):1189-90.
  42. Charrel RN, Gould EA. Alkhurma hemorrhagic fever in travelers returning from Egypt, 2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Aug;17(8):1573-4; author reply 1574.
  43. Izri A, Bitam I, Charrel RN. First entomological documentation of Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1894) in Algeria. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Jul;17(7):1116-8.
  44. Charrel RN, Coutard B, Baronti C, Canard B, Nougairede A, Frangeul A, Morin B, Jamal S, Schmidt CL, Hilgenfeld R, Klempa B, de Lamballerie X. Arenaviruses and hantaviruses: from epidemiology and genomics to antivirals. Antiviral Res. 2011 May;90(2):102-14. Review.
  45. Ninove L, Daniel L, Gallou J, Cougard PA, Charpentier A, Viard L, Roquelaure B, Paquis-Flucklinger V, de Lamballerie X, Zandotti C, Charrel RN. Fatal case of Reye's syndrome associated with H3N2 influenza virus infection and salicylate intake in a 12-year-old patient. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Jan;17(1):95-7.
  46. Gould EA, Gallian P, De Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. First cases of autochthonous dengue fever and chikungunya fever in France: from bad dream to reality! Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010 Dec;16(12):1702-4.
  47. Ninove L, Nougairede A, Gazin C, Zandotti C, Drancourt M, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. POC tests: from antigen detection to molecular methods. Future trends. J Clin Virol. 2010 Dec;49(4):304-5.
  48. Zhioua E, Moureau G, Chelbi I, Ninove L, Bichaud L, Derbali M, Champs M, Cherni S, Salez N, Cook S, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Punique virus, a novel phlebovirus, related to sandfly fever Naples virus, isolated from sandflies collected in Tunisia. J Gen Virol. 2010 May;91(Pt 5):1275-83.
  49. Moureau G, Bichaud L, Salez N, Ninove L, Hamrioui B, Belazzoug S, de Lamballerie X, Izri A, Charrel RN. Molecular and serological evidence for the presence of novel phleboviruses in sandflies from northern algeria. Open Virol J. 2010 Apr 22;4:15-21.
  50. Moureau G, Ninove L, Izri A, Cook S, De Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Flavivirus RNA in phlebotomine sandflies. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2010 Mar;10(2):195-7.
  51. Nougairede A, Ninove L, Zandotti C, de Lamballerie X, Gazin C, Drancourt M, La Scola B, Raoult D, Charrel RN. Point of care strategy for rapid diagnosis of novel A/H1N1 influenza virus. PLoS One. 2010 Feb 17;5(2):e9215.
  52. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X. Zoonotic aspects of arenavirus infections. Vet Microbiol. 2010 Jan 27;140(3-4):213-20. Review.
  53. Ninove L, Parola P, Baronti C, De Lamballerie X, Gautret P, Doudier B, Charrel RN. Dengue virus type 3 infection in traveler returning from west Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Nov;15(11):1871-2.
  54. Charrel RN, Moureau G, Temmam S, Izri A, Marty P, Parola P, da Rosa AT, Tesh RB, de Lamballerie X. Massilia virus, a novel Phlebovirus (Bunyaviridae) isolated from sandflies in the Mediterranean. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2009 Oct;9(5):519-30.
  55. Nougairede A, Ninove L, Zandotti C, De Lamballerie X, Gazin C, Drancourt M, La Scola B, Raoult D, Charrel RN. Point of care strategy for rapid diagnosis of novel A/H1N1 influenza virus. PLoS Curr. 2009 Sep 21;1:RRN1039. Update in: PLoS One. 2010;5(2):e9215.
  56. Ninove L, Domart Y, Vervel C, Voinot C, Salez N, Raoult D, Meyer H, Capek I, Zandotti C, Charrel RN. Cowpox virus transmission from pet rats to humans, France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 May;15(5):781-4.
  57. de Lamballerie X, Ninove L, Charrel RN. Antiviral treatment of chikungunya virus infection. Infect Disord Drug Targets. 2009 Apr;9(2):101-4. Review.
  58. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X, Emonet S. Phylogeny of the genus Arenavirus. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2008 Aug;11(4):362-8. Review.
  59. Izri A, Temmam S, Moureau G, Hamrioui B, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Sandfly fever Sicilian virus, Algeria. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 May;14(5):795-7.
  60. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X. Chikungunya virus in north-eastern Italy: a consequence of seasonal synchronicity. Euro Surveill. 2008 Jan 3;13(1). pii: 8003; author reply pii: 8004.
  61. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X, Raoult D. Seasonality of mosquitoes and chikungunya in Italy. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Jan;8(1):5-6.
  62. Lecompte E, ter Meulen J, Emonet S, Daffis S, Charrel RN. Genetic identification of Kodoko virus, a novel arenavirus of the African pigmy mouse (Mus Nannomys minutoides) in West Africa. Virology. 2007 Jul 20;364(1):178-83.
  63. De Lamballerie X, Tolou H, Durand JP, Charrel RN. Prevalence of Toscana virus antibodies in volunteer blood donors and patients with central nervous system infections in southeastern France. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2007 Summer;7(2):275-7.
  64. Emonet S, Retornaz K, Gonzalez JP, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Mouse-to-human transmission of variant lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Mar;13(3):472-5.
  65. Charrel RN, Izri A, Temmam S, Delaunay P, Toga I, Dumon H, Marty P, de Lamballerie X, Parola P. Cocirculation of 2 genotypes of Toscana virus, southeastern France. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Mar;13(3):465-8.
  66. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X, Raoult D. Chikungunya outbreaks--the globalization of vectorborne diseases. N Engl J Med. 2007 Feb 22;356(8):769-71.
  67. Gonzalez JP, Emonet S, de Lamballerie X, Charrel R. Arenaviruses. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2007;315:253-88. Review.
  68. Charrel RN, Fagbo S, Moureau G, Alqahtani MH, Temmam S, de Lamballerie X. Alkhurma hemorrhagic fever virus in Ornithodoros savignyi ticks. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jan;13(1):153-5.
  69. de Lamballerie X, Fulhorst CF, Charrel RN. Prevalence of antibodies to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in blood donors in southeastern France. Transfusion. 2007 Jan;47(1):172-3.
  70. Charrel RN, Retornaz K, Emonet S, Noel G, Chaumoitre K, Minodier P, Girard N, Garnier JM, de Lamballerie X. Acquired hydrocephalus caused by a variant lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Oct 9;166(18):2044-6.
  71. Parola P, de Lamballerie X, Jourdan J, Rovery C, Vaillant V, Minodier P, Brouqui P, Flahault A, Raoult D, Charrel RN. Novel chikungunya virus variant in travelers returning from Indian Ocean islands. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Oct;12(10):1493-9.
  72. Charrel RN, Izri A, Temmam S, de Lamballerie X, Parola P. Toscana virus RNA in Sergentomyia minuta files. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Aug;12(8):1299-300.
  73. Emonet S, Lemasson JJ, Gonzalez JP, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Phylogeny and evolution of old world arenaviruses. Virology. 2006 Jul 5;350(2):251-7. Review.
  74. Charrel RN, Zaki AM, Fagbo S, de Lamballerie X. Alkhurma hemorrhagic fever virus is an emerging tick-borne flavivirus. J Infect. 2006 Jun;52(6):463-4 Charrel RN, Gallian P, Navarro-Mari JM, Nicoletti L, Papa A, Sánchez-Seco MP, Tenorio A, de Lamballerie X. Emergence of Toscana virus in Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Nov;11(11):1657-63. Review.
  75. Charrel RN, Brouqui P, Foucault C, de Lamballerie X. Concurrent dengue and malaria. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 Jul;11(7):1153-4.
  76. Charrel RN, Zaki AM, Fakeeh M, Yousef AI, de Chesse R, Attoui H, de Lamballerie X. Low diversity of Alkhurma hemorrhagic fever virus, Saudi Arabia, 1994-1999. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005 May;11(5):683-8.
  77. Charrel RN, Attoui H, Butenko AM, Clegg JC, Deubel V, Frolova TV, Gould EA, Gritsun TS, Heinz FX, Labuda M, Lashkevich VA, Loktev V, Lundkvist A, Lvov DV, Mandl CW, Niedrig M, Papa A, Petrov VS, Plyusnin A, Randolph S, Süss J, Zlobin VI, de Lamballerie X. Tick-borne virus diseases of human interest in Europe. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2004 Dec;10(12):1040-55. Review.
  78. Bernit E, de Lamballerie X, Zandotti C, Berger P, Veit V, Schleinitz N, de Micco P, Harlé JR, Charrel RN. Prospective investigation of a large outbreak of meningitis due to echovirus 30 during summer 2000 in marseilles, france. Medicine (Baltimore). 2004 Jul;83(4):245-53.
  79. Charrel RN, La Scola B, Raoult D. Multi-pathogens sequence containing plasmids as positive controls for universal detection of potential agents of bioterrorism. BMC Microbiol. 2004 May 17;4:21.
  80. Zandotti C, Jeantet D, Lambert F, Waku-Kouomou D, Wild F, Freymuth F, Harle JR, de Lamballerie X, Charrel RN. Re-emergence of measles among young adults in Marseilles, France. Eur J Epidemiol. 2004;19(9):891-3.
  81. Charrel RN, Bernit E, Zandotti C, de Lamballerie X. An approach based on RFLP assay to investigate outbreaks of enteroviral meningitis. J Clin Virol. 2004 Jan;29(1):54-8.
  82. Charrel RN, Lemasson JJ, Garbutt M, Khelifa R, De Micco P, Feldmann H, de Lamballerie X. New insights into the evolutionary relationships between arenaviruses provided by comparative analysis of small and large segment sequences. Virology. 2003 Dec 20;317(2):191-6.
  83. Charrel RN, Brault AC, Gallian P, Lemasson JJ, Murgue B, Murri S, Pastorino B, Zeller H, de Chesse R, de Micco P, de Lamballerie X. Evolutionary relationship between Old World West Nile virus strains. Evidence for viral gene flow between Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. Virology. 2003 Oct 25;315(2):381-8.
  84. Charrel RN, Abboud M, Durand JP, Brouqui P, De Lamballerie X. Dual infection by dengue virus and Shigella sonnei in patient returning from India. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003 Feb;9(2):271.
  85. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X. Arenaviruses other than Lassa virus. Antiviral Res. 2003 Jan;57(1-2):89-100. Review.
  86. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X. Low specificity of an immunochromatographic serological assay for diagnosis of dengue Fever in travelers returning with malaria. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002 Nov;9(6):1400.
  87. Charrel RN, Feldmann H, Fulhorst CF, Khelifa R, de Chesse R, de Lamballerie X. Phylogeny of New World arenaviruses based on the complete coding sequences of the small genomic segment identified an evolutionary lineage produced by intrasegmental recombination. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Sep 6;296(5):1118-24.
  88. Charrel RN, de Chesse R, Decaudin A, De Micco P, de Lamballerie X. Evaluation of disinfectant efficacy against hepatitis C virus using a RT-PCR-based method. J Hosp Infect. 2001 Oct;49(2):129-34.
  89. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X, Durand JP, Gallian P, Attoui H, Biagini P, De Micco P. Prevalence of antibody against West Nile virus in volunteer blood donors living in southeastern France. Transfusion. 2001 Oct;41(10):1320-1.
  90. Charrel RN, Zaki AM, Attoui H, Fakeeh M, Billoir F, Yousef AI, de Chesse R, De Micco P, Gould EA, de Lamballerie X. Complete coding sequence of the Alkhurma virus, a tick-borne flavivirus causing severe hemorrhagic fever in humans in Saudi Arabia. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Sep 21;287(2):455-61.
  91. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X, Fulhorst CF. The Whitewater Arroyo virus: natural evidence for genetic recombination among Tacaribe serocomplex viruses (family Arenaviridae). Virology. 2001 May 10;283(2):161-6.
  92. Charrel RN, de Lamballerie X, De Micco P, Fulhorst CF. Nucleotide sequence of the pirital virus (family Arenaviridae) small genomic segment. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Feb 9;280(5):1402-7.
  93. Charrel RN, De Micco P, de Lamballerie X. Convenient method to improve the graphical quality of phylogenetic trees computed by the MEGA program. Biotechniques. 1999 Oct;27(4):702-4.
  94. Charrel RN, De Micco P, de Lamballerie X. Phylogenetic analysis of GB viruses A and C: evidence for cospeciation between virus isolates and their primate hosts. J Gen Virol. 1999 Sep;80 ( Pt 9):2329-35.
  95. Charrel RN, Lévy N, Tesh RB, Chandler LJ. Use of base excision sequence scanning for detection of genetic variations in St. Louis encephalitis virus isolates. J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Jun;37(6):1935-40.
  96. Charrel RN, Attoui H, De Micco P, de Lamballerie X. The complete coding sequence of a European isolate of GB-C/hepatitis G virus. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Feb 16;255(2):432-7.
  97. Charrel RN, Pagès JM, De Micco P, Mallea M. Prevalence of outer membrane porin alteration in beta-lactam-antibiotic-resistant Enterobacter aerogenes. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1996 Dec;40(12):2854-8.