Original Articles

  1. Ectopic Hyperparathyroidism (Pseudohyperparathyroidism) in Esophageal Malignancy:  Report of a Case and Review of the Literature.  Grajower, MM, and Barzel, US.  Amer J Med 61:  134-5, 1976.
  2. Decreased Hepatic Nuclear L-Triiodothyronine Receptors in Rats and Mice Bearing Transplantable Neoplasms.  Surks, MI, Grajower, MM, Tai, M and Defesi, CR.  Endocrinology 103:  2234-9, 1978.
  3. Effect of Decreased Hepatic Nuclear L-Triiodothyronine (T3) Receptors on the Response of Hepatic Enzymes to T3 in Tumor-Bearing Rats.  Grajower, MM, and Surks, MI.  Endocrinology 104:  697-703, 1979.
  4. Hypoglycemia in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients:  Association with Propranolol Use.  Grajower, MM, Walter, L and Albin, J.  Nephron 26:  126-9, 1980.
  5. Malignant Paraganglioma of the Thyroid Gland.  Mitsudo, S, Grajower, MM, et al.  Archives of Pathol & Lab Med 111:  378-380, 1987.
  6. For How Long Should Insulin Be Used Once a Vial is Started?  Grajower, MM, et al.  Diabetes Care 26: 2665-9, 2003.
    NOTE: This article resulted in a revision of the Standards of Care, published annually by the American Diabetes Association in Diabetes Care.  It also was the basis of a revision of many hospital pharmacy guidelines, as noted on an internet search.
  1. The Stability of Insulin after a Vial is Started.  Grajower, MM. Salud(i)Ciencia 14: 101-102, 2006.
  2. Management of Diabetes Mellitus on Yom Kippur and Other Jewish Fast Days.  Grajower, MM.  Endocrine Practice, 14: 305-311, 2008.
    NOTE: This is the only published guideline for managing 24-hour fast days in patients with types 1 and 2 diabetes.  It has generated much interest, including follow-up articles and lectures (see below).
  3. Guidelines: Fasting with Type 2 Diabetes on Yom Kippur and Other Fast Days.  Grajower, MM.  Going Forward, 3: 6-15, 2008.
  4. Insulin Shelf Life. Grajower, MM. Diabetes Self-Management, pp 53-54, Jan-Feb, 2009.
  5. The Jewish Bride: Getting Her to Her Wedding Night Ritually Clean Using Norethindrone Acetate (Aygestin®).  Grajower, MM, Willig, M, Grazi, R.  Published online at, April 6, 2009.
  6. Statement Regarding Patients with Type I Diabetes Mellitus Fasting on Yom Kippur, Grajower MM, Zanger, D. Going Forward, 5:5-10, 2010.
  7. Laniado Proceedings: Editor's Introduction, Proceedings of the First International Congress of the Bildirici Diabetes Center, Grajower, MM.  Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2010; 26: 597.
  8. 24-Hour Fasting with Diabetes: Management of Religious Observances and of the Preoperative Patient, Grajower, MM.  Diabetes Metab Res Rev, 2011, 27:413-418.
  9. Expert Opinion and Clinical Experience Regarding Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Fasting on Yom Kippur.  Grajower, MM, Zanger, D.  Pediatric Diabetes, 2011; 12: 473-477.
  10. Diabetes Insipidus Caused by Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis: First Case Report, Pajvani U, Lipton, ML, Grajower, MM.  Endocrine Practice, 2011 Sep 1;17(5):e118-22.
  11. How Long Can a Vial of Insulin Be Used After It is Started: Where are We Ten Years Later? Grajower, MM.  Endocrine Practice, 2014; 20:188-190.
  12. Laniado Proceedings: Editor's Introduction, Proceedings of the Second International Congress of the Bildirici Diabetes Center, Grajower, MM.  Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2014; 30: 81-82.
  13. Adding Rapid-Acting Insulin or GLP-1 Receptor Agonist to Basal Insulin: Penny Wise and Pound Foolish?  Grajower, MM.  Endocrine Practice, in press scheduled for January 2015.


  1. “Physical Activity and Weight Loss” in Guide to Physical Activity, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, 2006, pages 25-31.
  2. “Vitamins” in The Complete Guide to Lifelong Nutrition, American College of Endocrinology, JI Mechanic & EM Brett, editors, 2010.

Letters To The Editor

  1. Familial Pancreatic Cancer.  Grajower, MM, Ann Int Med 98:  111, 1983.
  2. Danazol Therapy for Periareolar Abscess.  Grajower, MM, and Sas, N.  New England J of Med 314:  923 1986.
  3. Frequency and Cost of Diagnostic Imaging in Office Practice: A Comparison of Self-Referring and Radiologist-Referring Physicians.  Grajower, MM.  New England J of Med 324:1371, 1991.
  4. Interpretation of T-scores and Z-scores in BMD reports.  Grajower, MM. Osteoporosis International 12: 167, 2001.
  5. Management of Patients with Osteoporosis. Grajower, MM.  Endocrine Practice 7: 409, September/October, 2001.
  6. Follow-up of Tests Returned after Discharge of Hospitalized Patients.  Grajower, MM.  Ann Int Med published online, September 6, 2005
  7. Medical Management of Depression. Grajower, MM. New Engl J of Med 354:646, 2006.
  8. Malignant Paraganglioma of Thyroid.  Grajower, MM Endocrine Practice 12: 696, 2006.
  9. On Being a Doctor: Identity Theft.  Grajower, MM Ann Int Med published online, July 16, 2010.
  10. Glycemic Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.  Grajower, MM.  New Engl J of Med 367:183, 2012.


  1. Hypoglycemia while fasting for morning blood tests: a follow-up of the Cape Girardeau hypoglycemia en route prevention program.  Aldasouqi S, Sheikh A, Klosterman P, et al.  AACE 21st Annual Scientific & Clinical Congress, Philadelphia, PA, May 23-27, 2012.

Martin Mordechai Grajower

Associate Professor


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  • DEPARTMENTDepartment of Medicine
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine