Robert l. Barkin
Robert l. Barkin

Department of Pharmacology
Rush Medical College


  • 1983-1985       Purdue University, Pharm.D. (Doctor of Pharmacy)          
  • 1974-1978       DePaul University, M.B.A.
  • 1976-1977       George Washington University          (N.H.A. Illinois)
  • 1972-1974       University of Illinois, Graduate School
  • 1962-1963       St. Louis College of Pharmacy & Allied Sciences, B.S. Pharmacy
  • 1958-1961       University of Illinois, Chicago



Dr. Robert L. Barkin is Professor of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology, and Family Medicine at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, Illinois. He is also a clinical pharmacologist in a collaborative practice with 5 physician pain specialists at the NorthShore University Health System Department of Anesthesiology Pain Center’s of Skokie and Evanston Hospitals in Illinois.  Dr. Barkin’s extensive practice is both outpatient and in-patient. Dr. Barkin designs patient specific pharmacotherpeutic treatment plans.
Following graduation from St. Louis College of Pharmacy, Dr. Barkin earned a Master of Business Administration degree in Healthcare Administration from DePaul University in Chicago, Illinois. He then earned his Doctor of Clinical Pharmacy degree from Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana.

Dr. Barkin is the author of more than 150 abstracts, CD-Rom programs, textbook chapters, and peer reviewed articles. He is Associate Editor for the American Journal of Therapeutics. He also serves as a reviewer for 28 peer-reviewed journals and on the Editorial Board of 9 peer reviewed journals.  He is frequently invited to speak on a wide variety of topics at both national and international conferences and seminars. Dr. Barkin is a Diplomate of the American Academy of Pain Management, a Fellow of the American College of Clinical Pharmacology, Diplomate of American Board of Forensic Medicine, Examiners, Psychologic Specialties in Psychopharmacology.  Dr. Barkin was granted Scientific status with the American Academy of Pain Medicine. 


Research Interest

Pain - Acute and Chronic Postoperative pain, fibromyalgia, migraine headache, Neuropathic & nociceptive pain, Psychopharmacology.


Professional Activities:

Academic Appointments



Anesthesiology, Pharmacology and Family Medicine

Rush Medical College


Associate Professor


Rush Medical College


Associate Professor


Rush Medical College


Associate Professor

Family Medicine

Rush Medical College


Assistant Professor


Rush Medical College


Assistant Professor

Family Medicine

Rush Medical College


Assistant Professor

Orthopedic Surgery

Rush University Medical Center


Assistant Professor

Clinical Adjunct Faculty

Purdue University College of Pharmacy West Lafayette, Indiana


Assistant Clinical Professor


College of Dentistry, University of Illinois Medical Center, Chicago           


Assistant Professor


Rush Medical College



Department of Pharmaceutics

University of Illinois College of Pharmacy

Employment/Appointed Positions



Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Anesthesiology

Evanston & Skokie Hospital Pain Center, North Shore University Health Systems


Clerkship Educator

Clinical Clerkships in Pain and Psychiatry

Midwestern University, Rush Presbyterian St. Lukes Medical Center   


Affiliate Medical Staff

Department of Anesthesiology

Rush North Shore Medical Center/North Shore University Health Systems



Department of Psychiatry

Rush Medical College, Psychopharmacology Lecturer



Clinical Pharmacology Consultant Design; Inpatient & Outpatient Treatment Plans

Rush Pain Center


Clinical Specialist

Department of Pharmacy  (Pharmacy Practice) Neuropsychopharmacology, Pain, Poison and Toxicology Specialist (The Regional Poison Center)

Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical Center


Pediatric Pain Service

Clinical Pharmacologist

Rush Presbyterian St. Luke’s Medical Center


Coordinator/Drug Information/Poison Information Center

Pharmacy Practice

Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center



American society of Health System           

Pharmacist (ASHP)  Residency Program (mentoring 3 residents per year)


Assistant Director


Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center


Administrative Resident


Mary Haven Nursing Home, Glenview, Illinois



Pharmacy Services

St. Frances X Cabrini Hospital, Chicago, Illinois


Honors and Awards


Book Chapters:

  1. Barkin Robert L. Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology. In: Waickus CM, Schwer WA, Plantz SH, eds. Family Medicine. NY, New York;  4th ed., Chapter 6, 2010: 193-218.
  2. Carlozzi AF, Fornari FA, Siwicki DM, Barkin, Robert L, et al. Urine Drug Monitoring: Opioids (pocket book), McMahon Publishing Group, 2008
  3. Barkin, Robert L., Schwer, W., Barkin, S.J., The Management of Acute and Chronic Pain in Rykels Textbook of Family Medicine, 7th ed., 2007.
  4. Lubenow, Timothy R, Ivankovich, Anthony D., Barkin, Robert L., Management of Acute Postoperative Pain,  Editors, Barash, Paul, G, Cullen, Bruce F., Stoelting, Robert K., Handbook of Clinical Anesthesia, 5th Edition, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2006.
  5. Barkin, Robert L., Iusco, Archangelo, Barkin, Stacie, J., Opioids Used in Primary Care for the Management of Pain: A Pharmacologic, Pharmacotherapeutic and Pharmacodynamic Overview, in Weiner’s Pain Management: A Practical Guide for Clinicians, 7th Ed., Editors Cole, Barry and Boswell, Mark, Chapter 54, pp 779-794, CRC Press 2006.
  6. Barkin, Robert L, Barkin, Stacy J., Barkin, Diana S., Perception, Assessment, Treatment, and Management of Pain in the Elderly, Clinics in Geriatric Medicine, Rheumatic Disease in the Elderly, Arthur Kavanaugh, Editor, Clin Geriatr Med 21, (2005) 465-490.
  7. Lubenow, Timothy R, Ivankovich, Anthony D., Barkin, Robert L.,Management of Acute Postoperative Pain: Clinical Anesthesia, 5th Edition, Editors, Barash, Paul G, Cullen, Bruce F., Stoelting, Robert K, pp 1405-1437 Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2005.
  8. Barkin, Robert L., Buvanendran, Asokumar, Utilization of the Cox-2 Inhibitors (Coxibs) in the Management of Acute Postoperative Pain and an Overview of Cox-1 NSAID Agents, Progress in Anesthesiology, Ed, James E. Eisenkraft, Vol XVIII/Chapter 23, Pages 375-392, Dannemiller Memorial Education Foundation, San Antonio, TX, December 2003.
  9. Barkin, Robert L, Contributor, Leikin & Paloucek’s Poisoning & Toxicology Handbook, 3rd Edition, Lexicomp APhA Clinical Reference Library, 2002.
  10. Barkin, Robert L.,  Fawcett, Jan, Barkin, Stacy J., Chronic Pain Management with a Focus on the Role of Newer Antidepressants and Centrally Acting Agents, in Pain Management: A Practical Guide for Clinicians, editor Weiner, RS, Chapter 35, pp 1-20, CRC LLC Press, 2002.
  11. Barkin, Robert L., Barkin, Stacie J., Barkin, Stephanie A.: Opiate/Opioid Overdose: Challenges in the Emergency Room Which Complicate Management in the Treatment of Opiate/Opioid Overdose.  Poisoning & Toxicology Compendium, Leiken, JB, Editor, Lexi-Comp Inc. Americomp Pharmaceutics Association, 1997-1998 P. 90-91.
  12. Saclarides TJ, Barkin RL "Pharmacology", Rush Review of Surgery ED 2 1993 Economou SG. (ED), WB Saunders, 1993 & 2005.
  13. Chapter - Braverman B, O'Connor C, Barkin RL, Pharmacology, Physiology and Anesthetic Management of Antidepressants in Updated in Pharmacology and Physiology in Anesthesia, Lippincott Health Care Publications, Philadelphia, PA.
  14. Barkin, RL, Pharmacology Editor/Author "The Pocket Guide to the Most Commonly Prescribed Drugs", Lange Publications, (Pharmacology Consultant for the Edition, 1992).
  15. Barkin, RL, Pharmacology Editor/Author in Schroeder, SA, Tierney, LM, McPhee, JJ, et al, "Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment", Lange Publications 1991-1992.
  16. Barkin, RL, M.B.A., Pharm.D., Braun, BG, M.D., Kluft, RP, M.D. "The Dilemma of Drug Therapy for Multiple Personality Disorder Patients", Treatment of Multiple Personality Disorders, Chapter 5 Braun BG (Ed.) American Psychiatric Press, Washington, D.C., August 1986.
  17. Nora V, Stein ZLG, Barkin RL Rush 67 Drugs, Alternative Curriculum Medical Pharmacology Monographs 1985-6, Rush University Press 200 pages.
  18. Hahn, A, Oestreich, S, Barkin, RL, Senior Author, Pharmacology in Nursing, C.V. Mosby 16th Edition published, January, 1986.
  19. Hahn, A, Oestreich, S, Barkin, RL Senior Author, Pharmacology in Nursing, C.V. Mosby 15th Edition published, November, 1985.

Book Reviews:

  1. Barkin, Robert L. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man, Edited by Randall C. Baselt, American Journal of Therapeutics, 16, 199-201, 2009.
  2. Barkin, Robert L., Turning up the Heat on Pain: Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV 1) in Pain and Inflammation, Edited by Annika Malmberg and Keith R. Bley, American Journal of Therapeutics, 14, 319-20, 2007.
  3. Barkin, Robert L., Handbook of Pain Relief in Older Adults: An Evidence-Based approach, Edited by F. Michael Gloth, III, Humana Press, Journal of Opioid Management Vol, No 4, September/October 2005.    
  4. Barkin, Robert L., Pharmacology of the Critically Ill Patient, Edited by Gilbert Park and Maire Shelly, Critical Care Medicine, April 2003/Volume 31/Number 4.
  5. Barkin, Robert L., Novel Aspects of Pain Management Opioids and Beyond, Ed. Saywnow, J. and Cowan, A, Publ Wiley-Liss Inc.1999 in Journal of Opioid Management, Vol 1, No 3, p.168, 2005.

Peer Reviewed Articles:

  1. Barkin RL. Pharmacist's Evolving Role in the Nonopioid, Over-the-Counter, Analgesic Selection Process. Am J Ther 22(6):423-430, 2015.
  2. Jay GW, Barkin RL. Fibromyalgia (review). Disease-a-Month 61(3): 66-111, 2015.
  3. Smith HW, Barkin RL. Painful Boney Netastaes. Amer J Ther 21(2):106-130, 2014.
  4. Dobry Y, Novakovic V, Barkin RL, Sundaram VK.  Management of auditory hallucinations as a Sequela of Traumatic Brain Injury: A case report and a relevant literature review. Am J Ther 21(1):e1-6, 2014.
  5. Jay GW, Barkin RL. Neuropathtic pain: Etiology, pathophysiology, mechanisms, and evaluations. Disease-a-month 60(1):6-47, 2014.
  6. Barkin RL. The pharmacology of topical analgesic. Postgraduate Medicine 125(supp 1):7-13, 2013.
  7. Bruckental P, Barkin RL. Options for treating postherpetic neuralgia in the medically complicated patient. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 2013(9): 329 – 340, 2013.
  8. Smith HS, Barkin RL. Painful boney metastases. Am J Ther, In Press, 2013.
  9. Barkin RL, Barkin S. The epidemiology and diagnosis of schizophrenia and the therapeutic options, communication, and collaborative case plan. Disease-a-month DM 58(7):394, 2012.
  10. Stanos SP, Bruckenthal P, Barkin RL. Strategies to reduce the tampering and subsequent abuse of long-acting opioids: Potential risks and benefits of formulations with physical or pharmacologic deterrents to tampering. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 87(7):683-694, 2012.
  11. Novakovic V, Barkin RL, O’Connell KL. Schizophrenia: improving the continuity of care to ensure optimal patient outcomes. Disease-a-Month 58(7):393-408, 2012.
  12. McCarberg B, Barkin RL, Zaleon C. The management of neuropathic pain with a focus upon older adults (Review). American Journal of Therapeutics 19(3):211-227, 2012.
  13. Barkin RL. Sertraline and mirtazapine do not reduce severity of depression in people with dementia. Evidence-Based Mental Health 15(1):17, 2012.
  14. Plosker GL, Barkin RL, Breivik H, et al. Buprenorphine 5, 10 and 20μgh transdermal patch: A review of its use in the management of chronic non-malignant pain (Review). Drugs 71(18):2491-2509, 2011.
  15. Barkin RL, Barkin SJ, Irving GA, Gordon A. Management of chronic noncancer pain in depressed patients (Review). Postgraduate Medicine 123(5):143-154, 2011.
  16. Vallejo R, Barkin RL, Wang VC. Pharmacology of opioids in the treatment of chronic pain syndromes (Review). Pain Physician 14(4):E343-E360, 2011.
  17. Smith HS, Barkin RL, Barkin SJ. Personalized pharmacotherapy for treatment approaches focused at primary insomnia. American Journal of Therapeutics 18(3):227-240, 2011.
  18. Smith HS, Barkin Robert L. Fibromyalgia syndrome: A discussion of the syndrome and pharmacotherapy. American Journal of Therapeutics 17(4):418-439, July-Aug 2010.
  19. Katz WA, Barkin Robert L. Dilemmas in chronic/persistent pain management. Disease-a-Month 56(4):187-205, April 2010.
  20. Barkin Robert . Nonopioid Analgesics for Osteoarthritis: Availability of Topical NSAIDs (Letter to the Editor). Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy 24(2):180–181, June 2010.
  21. Barkin Robert L, Beckerman M, Blum S, Clark FM, et al. Should Nonsteroidal Anti- inflammatory Drugs Prescribed to the older Adult? Drugs & Aging 27(10):715-789, In Press, 2010.
  22. Barkin Robert L. Nonopioid analgesics for osteoarthritis: availability of topical NSAIDS. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 24(2):180-1, 2010.
  23. Kurkjan C, Kummer S, Barkin, Robert L et al. Topics in clinical pharmacology: renal, gastrointestinal, and pain management. Disease-a-Month. 56(4): 187-250, 2010.
  24. Barkin, Robert L. Milnacipran: A Pharmacotherapeutic-Focused Brief Review. Pain Medicine Network, 24:2, Winter 2009.
  25. Barkin, Robert L. Effect of Ethanol on the release of Morphine Sulfate from Oramorph SR Tablets. American Journal of Therapeutics, 16:482-186, 2009.
  26. Barkin, Robert L. Reducing cardiovascular risks of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by using topical formulations. Am J Cardiol, 104(9):1315, Nov. 2009.
  27. Barkin, Robert L. From acute Pain treatment (Eudynia) to chronic pain management (Maldynia): Current Concepts. University of Tennessee Advanced Studies in Pharmacy, 6(2):29-36, Aug. 2009.
  28. Barkin, Robert L. Across the Continuum: Optimizing strategies for acute to chronic pain management. “Treatment of Pain Current Concepts in Pharmacotherapy.” An ACRE program University of Tennessee Advanced Studies in Pharmacy, Galen Publishing, LLC, 2009.
  29. McCarberg B, Pasteur, Barkin R.L. “Best Practices for Acute Pain Management in the Primary Care Setting.” Mayo Clinic Proceedings, In Press 2009.
  30. Kale, Scott, Barkin Robert L. Resuscitation and rescue of the pharmaceutical detail: A prescriber-drug representative collaboration. Comprehensive Therapy, 35(2): 68-70, Summer 2009.
  31. Altman, Roy, Barkin, Robert L. Topical therapy for osteoarthritis: Clinical and pharmacologic perspectives. Postgraduate Medicine, 121(2):139-147, March 2009.
  32. Barkin, Robert L, et al. Treatment of mild to moderate acute pain: Can we improve the standard of care. American Journal of Therapeutics, In Press, 2008.
  33. Sloan, Paul Alexander, Barkin Robert L. Oxymorphone and oxymorphone extended release: A pharmacotherapeutic review. Journal of Opioid Management 4:3131-144, May/June 2008.
  34. Gibofsky, Allan, Barkin, Robert L., Chronic Pain of Osteoarthritis: Considerations for Selecting an Extended-Release Opioids Analgesic. American Journal of Therapeutics 15(3):241-255, May/June 2008.
  35. Katz, Warren, Barkin, Robert L., Dilemmas in chronic/Persistent Pain Management. American Journal of Therapeutics 15(3):256-264, May/June 2008.
  36. Barkin, Robert L., Extended-Release Tramadol (ULTRAM®ER): A Pharmacotherapeutic, Pharmacokinetic, and Pharmacodynamic Focus on Effectiveness and Safety in Patients with Chronic/Persistent Pain. American Journal of Therapeutics 15(2), 157-166, 2008.
  37. Kale, SA, Barkin RL, Proposal for a medical master class system of medical education for common complex medical entities. Journal of Opioid Management 3(5):239-41, Sept/Oct 2007.
  38. McCarberg, BH, Barkin RL, The future of cannabinoids as analgesic agents: a pharmacologic, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic overview. Am J Ther 14(5):475-83 Review, Sept/Oct 2007.
  39. Kale, Scott A., Barkin, Robert L., Guest Editorial, Tactics of the physician-controlled counter- detail and  the imminent risk of not changing pharma’s detail relationship with physicians. Journal of Opioid Management 3(5):239-241, Sept/Oct 2007.
  40. Barkin, Robert L. Zolpidem extended-release: a single insomnia treatment option for sleep induction and sleep maintenance symptoms. Am J Ther 4(3):299-305, May-June 2007.
  41. Reisfield GM, Bertholf R, Barkin RL, Webb F, Wilson G, Urine drug test interpretation: what do physicians know? J Opioid Manag 3(2):80-6, 2007.
  42. Barkin R.L., Barkin S.J., Barkin D.S. Pharmacotherapeutic Management of Pain with a focus Directed at the Geriatric Patient. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 33(1):1-31, Feb 2007.
  43. Barkin, Robert L., Barkin, Stacie J., Barkin, Diana S., Propoxyphene (Dextropropoxyphene): A Critical Review of a Weak Opioid Analgesic That Should Remain in Antiquity. American Journal of Therapeutics 13:534-542, 2006.
  44. Miller, N.S., Swiney, T., Barkin, R.L., Effects of Opioid Prescriptions Medication Dependence and Detoxification on Pain Perceptions and Self-Reports. Am J Ther 13(5):436-44, Sept-Oct 2006.
  45. Barkin, Robert L., Barkin, Stacie, The Role of Venlafaxine and Duloxetine in the Treatment of Depression with Decremental Changes in Somatic Symptoms of Pain, Chronic Pain, and the Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Considerations of Duloxetine Pharmacotherapy. American Journal of Therapeutics 12:431-438, 2005.
  46. Malinoff, Herbert L., Barkin, Robert L., Wilson, Geoffrey, Sublingual Buprenorphine is Effective in the Treatment of Chronic Pain Syndrome. American Journal of Therapeutics 12:379-384, 2005.
  47. Barkin, R L., Barkin, S. J., Barkin, D. S., Perception, Assessment, Treatment, and Management of Pain in the Elderly. Clin Geriatr Med 21(3):465-490, Aug. 2005.
  48. Beebe, Frank, Barkin, Robert, L., Barkin, Barkin, Stacie, A Clinical and Pharmacologic Review of Skeletal Muscle Relaxants for Musculoskeletal Conditions. American Journal of Therapeutics, 12(2):151-171, 2005.
  49. Barkin, Robert L., Focus on the COX-1 and COX-2 Agents: Renal Events of Nonsteroidal and Anti-inflammatory Drugs – NSAIDs. American Journal of Therapeutics, 11:124-129, 2004.
  50. Brown, Douglas V., Heller, Floyd, Barkin, Robert. Anticholinergic Syndrome After Anesthesia: A Case Report and Review. American Journal of Therapeutics 11:144-153, 2004.
  51. Leo, Raphael J., Barkin, Robert L., Antidepressant Use in Chronic Pain Management: Is There Evidence of a Role for Duloxetine? Primary Care Companion J Clin Psychiatry 5(3), 2003.
  52. Bradley, Ronald H, Barkin, Robert L., Jerome, John, DeYoung, Kevin, Dodge, Charles William, Efficacy of Venlafaxine for the Long Term Treatment of Chronic Pain With Associated Major Depressive Disorder. American Journal of Therapeutics 10:318-323, 2003.
  53. McCarberg, Bill, Barkin, Robert L, Wright, Julie A., Cronan, Terry A., Groessel, Eric, Schmidt, Steven M., Tender Points as Predictors of Distress and the Pharmacologic Management of Fibromyalgia Syndrome. American Journal of Therapeutics 10:176-192, 2003.
  54. Latta, KS, Ginsberg, B, Barkin, RL, Meperidine: A Critical Review. American Journal of Therapeutics 9:53-68, 2002.
  55. Barkin, Robert L., Acetaminophen, Aspirin or Ibuprofen in Combination Analgesic Products. American Journal of Therapeutics 8:433-442, Nov/Dec 2001.
  56. Barkin, Robert L., Barkin, Diana, Pharmacologic Management of Acute and Chronic Pain: Focus On Drug Interactions and Patient-Specific Pharmacotherapeutic Selection. Southern Medical Journal 94(8):755-770, August 2001.
  57. McCarberg, B., Barkin, R., Long Acting Opioids for Chronic Pain: Pharmacotherapeutic Opportunities to Enhance Compliance, Quality of Life, and Analgesia, American Journal of Therapeutics, Vol 8, 151-153 May/June 2001.
  58. Barkin, Robert L, Schwer, William A., Barkin, Stacy J., Recognition and Management of Depression in Primary Care: A Focus on the Elderly.  A Pharmacotherapeutic Overview of the Selection Process Among the Traditional and New Antidepressants. American Journal of Therapeutics 7(3):205-226, May 2000.
  59. Barkin, Robert L., Chor, Philip N, Braun, Bennett G., Schwer, William A., A Trilogy Case Review Highlighting the Clinical and Pharmacologic Applications of Mirtazapine in Reducing Polypharmacy for Anxiety, Agitation, Insomnia, Depression, and Sexual Dysfunction. Primary Care Companion J. Clin Psychiatry 1(5):142-145, October 1999.
  60. Barkin, Robert L., Fawcett, J., The Management Challenges of Chronic Pain: The Role of Antidepressants. American Journal of Therapeutics, 7:31-47, 2000.
  61. Gaynes, Bruce L., Barkin, Robert L., Analgesics in Ophthalmic Practice: A Review of the Oral Non-narcotic Agent Tramadol. Optometry and Vision Science 76(7):455-461, July 1999.
  62. Desai, Archana, Barkin, Robert L, Doshi, Dharmesh H, Hanzel, Thomas, Dave, Uday, Effect of Elevated Temperature and Light on the Stability of Butorphanol Tartrate, American Journal of Therapeutics, 6(2):91-95 (1999).
  63. Warkentin, Theodore E., Barkin, Robert L. Newer Strategies for the Treatment of Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia.  Pharmacotherapy 19 (2):181-195, 1999.
  64. Fawcett, J, Barkin, Robert L, Review of the Results from Clinical Studies on the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Mirtazapine for the treatment of patients with major depression. Journal of Affective Disorders 51:267-285, 1998.
  65. Venkat, Kumar, Brown, Michael D., Barkin, Robert, Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Gastroduodenal Injury. American Journal of Therapeutics 5:263-272, July 1998.
  66. Timmons, J.A., Myer, P., Maturen, A., Webster, R., Schaller, E., Leikin, J., Barkin, R.L. Use of b-Hydroxybutyric Acid Levels in the Emergency Department. American Journal of Therapeutics 5:159-163, 1998.
  67. Fawcett, J., Barkin, R.L., A Meta-Analysis of Eight Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Clinical Trials of Mirtazapine for the Treatment of Patients With Major Depressions and Symptoms of Anxiety. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 59(3):123-127, March 1998.
  68. Richtsmeier, A., Barnes SD, Barkin RL, Ventilatory Arrest with Morphine patient-controlled Analgesia in a Child with Renal Failure. American Journal of Therapeutics 4(7-8):255-257, July-Augu1997.
  69.  Fawcett J., Barkin RL, Efficacy Issues with Antidepressants. J.Clin. Psychiatry 58 suppl 6:32-39, 1997.
  70. Barkin RL: Cancer Pain Treatment Insights.  Pharmacotherapy 17(2):397-398, Mar-Apr 1997.
  71. Barkin RL, Withdrawal Syndrome Is Not Precipitated When Butorphanol is Added to Opiate or Opioid Therapy a Comment on Intranasal Butorphanol-Induced Apraxia Reversed by Naloxone.  Pharmacotherapy 16(5):969, Sept-Oct 1996.
  72. Barkin RL, Lubenow TR, et al., Management of Chronic Pain, Part II. Disease-a-Month 42(8):457-507, Aug 1996.
  73. Barkin RL, Lubenow TR, et al., Management of Chronic Pain, Part I. Disease-a-Month 42(7):389-454, July 1996.
  74. Barkin RL, Clemenson ND, Schmitt SA, New Agent for Obesity Management.  The Journal of Family Practice 43:224, 1996.
  75. Barkin RL, Richtsmeier AY, Alternative Agents in Pharmacologic Management of Sickle Cell Pain Crisis Complicated by Acute Pancreatitis.  American Journal of Therapeutics 2(10): 819-823, Oct 1995.
  76. Barkin RL, Leikin JB, Barkin SJ, Noncardiac Chest Pain:  A Focus Upon Psychogenic Causes.  American Journal of Therapeutics 1(4):321-26, Dec 1994.
  77. Huff J, Barkin RL, Lagatuta F:  A Primary Care Clinician's and Consultants Guide to Medicating for Pain and Anxiety.  Associated with Outpatient Procedures.  American Journal of Therapeutics 1(3):186-190, Oct 1994.
  78. Bone RC, Barkin RL, Clark SH, Et al:  Recognition, Assessment and Treatment of Anxiety in the Critical Care Patient. Disease-a-Month 41(5):293-359, May 1995.
  79. Richtsmeier HA, Barkin RL, Alexander M: Benzodiazepines for Acute Pain in Children. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 7(8):1992:492-495, Nov 1992.
  80. Stein, ZLG, Barkin, RL, Withdrawal Symptoms in Postoperative Patient:  The Problem Patient. Hospital Practice 27(2):106-108, February1992.
  81. Barkin, RL, Drug Abuse? Use and Misuse of Psychotropic Drugs in Alzheimer's Care. Journal of Gerontological Nursing 16(8):4-10, 1990.
  82. Stein, ZLG, Barkin, RL, G E Reflux and Vocal Pitch. Hospital Practice 24(10A):20, Oct 30, 1989.
  83. Barkin, RL, Stein, ZLG, Drugs with Anticholinergic Side Effects. Southern   Medical Journal 82(12):1547, 1989.
  84. Barkin, RL, Clinical Features and Management of intoxication due to Hallucinogenic Drugs. Medical Toxicology and Adverse Drug Experience 4(5): 324-350, 1989.


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